oligotrophic vs eutrophic lakes

Mesotrophic Lake. Degree in Plant Science, M.Sc. Define oligotrophic. Since eutrophic lakes are rich in nutrients; they support for the increased growth of algal forms such as Chlorella and Spirulina. There is a minute concentration of nutrients present in the oligotrophic lakes. Explanation: Oligotrophic lakes are characterized by low nutrient values, which limits the lake's ability to support animal life. Those wishing to attract birds to create a bird sanctuary will prefer a eutrophic lake with plenty of algae to feed the birds. The bottom water of the oligotrophic lake makes it difficult for the survival of most aquatic organisms due to very low temperature. Eutrophic lakes … 0 0. Ø  Both ecosystems show thermal stratification. When distinguishing between oligotrophic and eutrophic lakes, the main nutrients considered are Nitrogen and Phosphorus. “Observations on the Distinction Between Oligotrophic and Eutrophic Marine Bacteria.” Advances in Pediatrics., U.S. National Library of Medicine, May 1984. Pt always >Ps Oligotrophic-constantly low. Eutrophic lakes, on the other hand, are productive: net primary production… ความคล้ายคลึงกันระหว่างทะเลสาบ Oligotrophic และ Eutrophic Lakes 5. All rights reserved. Side by Side Comparison – Oligotrophic vs Eutrophic Lakes in Tabular Form Eutrophic definition, relating to or being in a condition of eutrophy, or healthy or adequate nutrition or development. Oligotrophic Lake. Difference between topics in Biophysics, @. This is the key difference between oligotrophic and eutrophic lakes. This is the difference between oligotrophic and eutrophic lakes. ทะเลสาบ Oligotrophic คืออะไร 3. Other articles where Oligotrophic lake is discussed: inland water ecosystem: Biological productivity: Oligotrophic lakes are those that are unproductive: net primary production is only between 50 and 100 milligrams of carbon per square metre per day, nutrients are in poor supply, and secondary production is depressed. Her research interests include Bio-fertilizers, Plant-Microbe Interactions, Molecular Microbiology, Soil Fungi, and Fungal Ecology. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. Zusammenfassung - Oligotrophic vs Eutrophic Lakes. For example, for those intending to use the water body for leisure activities like swimming or fishing, an oligotrophic lake would be the ideal choice. 2. The distinction between the Oligotrophic and dystrophic lakes … Oligotrophic lakes are characterized by low nutrient values, which limits the lake's ability to support animal life. There are three trophic states trophic in lakes: the oligotrophic, the mesotrophic and the eutrophic, depending on certain characteristics of water such as the concentration of nutrients and oxygen, its turbulence, the primary production etc. The waters of suchlakes are of high-drinking quality. Enter your e-mail address. See more. or vise versa? Available here  2. Eutrophic vs Oligotrophic Systems All lakes age the same way — they begin as oligotrophic lakes, and age to become eutrophic lakes. Since the early part of the 20th century, lakes have been classified according to their trophic state. " comprises the bottom such as the ocean floor or the bottom of a lake the sediment surface, and some sub-surface layers. Therefore, light penetration is high, and there is no odor emitting from oligotrophic lakes. Ø  Both contain biological and abiological components. oligotrophic synonyms, oligotrophic pronunciation, oligotrophic translation, English dictionary definition of oligotrophic. The key difference between oligotrophic and eutrophic lakes is that the oligotrophic lakes contain a very low level of nutrient composition while the eutrophic lakes contain a very high amount of nutrient composition. Oligotrophic lakes refer to the lakes that have a very less nutrient composition. 1. The divisions of the trophic state index for each trophic state are roughly: 0-30 Oligotrophic, 30-40 Oligotrophic/Mesotrophic, 40-50 Mesotrophic, Oligotrophic lakes are usually deep in depth. What are Eutrophic Lakes Eutrophic lakes are characterized by high nutrient values, which allows microorganisms and algae to grow in large numbers, which then allows animals that feed on those algae to also be supported. 2.”River algae Sichuan”By Felix Andrews (Floybix) – Own work, (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia. Presence of oligotrophic lakes also suggests that the pollution level and surface runoff containing chemicals is less in that area. in Molecular and Applied Microbiology, and PhD in Applied Microbiology. Trophic level of the lakes defines based on the nutrient composition of the lake. In contrast, there is a high concentration of nutrients in the eutrophic lakes. An oligotrophic lake has low nutrient content textile and much less algae dwelling in it. ภาพรวมและความแตกต่างที่สำคัญ 2. Lake with a large or excessive supply of plant nutrients, mostly nitrates and phosphates. 1 Answer. Organisms living in this zone that is, on or in the bottom of the body of water are called benthos. A nutrient-poor, clear, deep lake with minimum phytoplankton. Thus, the bottom of the lake is most often anoxic as it doesn’t receive ample amount of oxygen. Still have questions? However, the physical characteristics of these lakes differ greatly. 2.Martin, Pierre, and Robert A. MacLeod. Eutrophic lakes are those waters which have excess amounts of nutrients leading to high primary productivity, which at extremes leads to low light levels and low oxygenation levels. An oligotrophic lake has low nutrient concentrations and low plant growth. Both types of lakes depict the nutrient levels of the aquatic environments. Summary. # Carlson’s Trophic State Index: a measure of the trophic state of an ecosystem with a scale of 0 – 100. Relevance. Due to the growth of excel algal blooms, the penetration of light into the lake also decreases. Allowing nutrients to accumulate in our lakes from agriculture, fertilizers, streets, sewage, and storm drains speed up this process. Blue. Other lakes have gradually increased in nutrients as a result of human activities and have gone from mesotrophic to eutrophic. Overview and Key Difference There are many lakes located all over the world. Do oligotrophic lakes have a higher biological oxygen demand than eutrophic lakes? @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } High nutrient content in the water especially nitrates and phosphates. 1. Lacking in plant nutrients and having a large amount of dissolved oxygen throughout. Oligotrophic definition, (of a lake) characterized by a low accumulation of dissolved nutrient salts, supporting but a sparse growth of algae and other organisms, and having a high oxygen content owing to the low organic content. Lakes naturally occur in each of the first three categories, but hyper-eutrophic lakes are within that category because of human-caused nutrient enrichment. Under the TSI scale, water bodies may be defined as: oligotrophic; mesoeutrophic; or eutrophic to hypereutrophic. A lake whose nutrient levels often fall somewhere in between the two extremes. 3. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. An Oligotrophic lake or water body is a one with relatively lowproductivity, as a result of low nutrient content. Eutrophic lakes are shallow in depth. The fish found in oligotrophic lakes include whitefish and trout. Eutrophic lakes are characterized by high nutrient values, which allows microorganisms and algae to grow in large numbers, which then allows animals that feed on those algae to also be supported. Hence the oxygen levels of the water are comparatively high. This post describes the similarities and differences between an Oligotrophic Lake Ecosystem and a Eutrophic Lake Ecosystem as a comparison table. Oligotrophic and eutrophic lakes are two types of lakes defined based on the nutrient composition of the lake. Get your answers by asking now. The below infographic presents an in-depth analysis of the difference between oligotrophic and eutrophic lakes. Investigations on lake Wisconsin showed that their population in eutrophic lake is smaller as compared to oligotrophic water. Trophäe der Seen definiert sich anhand der Nährstoffzusammensetzung des Sees. Similarities Between Oligotrophic and Eutrophic Lakes Like oligotrophic dimictic lakes, eutrophic dimictic lakes have two cycles of mixing per year. Difference between topics in Human Physiology, Your email address will not be published. In eutrophic lakes, there is a high content of Nitrogen and Phosphorus. The key difference between oligotrophic and eutrophic lakes is that the oligotrophic lakes contain a very low level of nutrient composition while the eutrophic lakes contain a very high amount of nutrient composition. Oxidized microzone (5mm) in sediment prevents release of soluble P (becomes soluble in reducing conditions) *Excreted soluable P and NH4 are used up by algae and bacteria in epi Eutrophic this means clearer, oxygen-wealthy water. eutrophic state to an oligotrophic state. Difference between topics in Biochemistry, @. On the other hand, eutrophic lakes contain high levels of nutrients mainly nitrogen and phosphorus hence, they have increased growth of algal blooms. Your email address will not be published. Eutrophic “Eu” means true; therefore, eutrophic literally means true nutrients or truly nutrient rich (Phosphorus and Nitrogen). Lake Ecosystem is an example for a lentic ecosystem. Furthermore, another notable difference between oligotrophic and eutrophic lakes is that the eutrophic lakes have a high oxygen demand and high rate of decomposition. The lake undergoing eutrophication may become oxygen deficient, destroying fish habitats leading to the elimination of several desirable aquatic species in water. -- Created using Powtoon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/youtube/ -- Create animated videos and animated presentations for free. The lake substrate is typically firm and sandy. As adjectives the difference between oligotrophic and eutrophic is that oligotrophic is (physiology|of a diet) being deficient in nutrition while eutrophic is (agriculture|of a body of water) being rich in nutrients and minerals and therefore having an excessive growth of algae and thus a diminished oxygen content to the detriment of other organisms. Similarities between Oligotrophic and Eutrophic Lakes / Ponds. Low primary productivity. In comparison, oligotrophic lakes have a very less or absence of algal forms and contain clear cold water. An aquatic ecosystem with stationary or relatively still water is called lentic ecosystem. This implies that the food web structure and primary productivity are uncoupled in the oligotrophic gyres. Highly oxygenated water can be observed in the oligotrophic lakes. eutrophic lakes have the higher oxygen demand because there is more stuff living in it. A eutrophic ("well-nourished") lake has high nutrients and high plant growth. Oligotrophic lakes do not contain a high level of nutrients. Im Gegensatz dazu gibt es eine hohe Konzentration von Nährstoffen in den eutrophen Seen. This increases the biological oxygen demand. The algal content in oligotrophic lakes is very low as they do not have adequate nutrient conditions. 10. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Although the term "trophic index" is commonly applied to lakes, any surface water body may be indexed. Difference Between Oligotrophic and Eutrophic Lakes. Hence, they contain oxygen-rich clean water. Eutrophic lakes are found in southern Minnesota where the soils are more fertile and where there is a lot of farmland. Phosphorus Oligotrophic vs Eutrophic Lakes. They tend to have less surface These lakes have low algalproduction and consequently, often have very clear waters. The water in oligotrophic lakes is also very cold. adj. The decomposition process in oligotrophic lakes is very slow as there are very fewer decomposers due to the less availability of nutrients. 9. 1 decade ago. The TSI of a water body is rated on a scale from zero to one hundred. The Trophic State Index is a classification system designed to rate water bodies based on the amount of biological productivity they sustain. 5. Based on the nutrient content, lakes can be classified as oligotrophic lakes, mesotrophic and eutrophic lakes. Oligotrophic lakes are generally very clear, deep, and cold. What are Oligotrophic Lakes Consequently, the water remains clear. Available here, 1.”Lake George from village beach”By Daniel Case – Own work, (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia Dr.Samanthi Udayangani holds a B.Sc. Based on the trophic state* and productivity, the lake ecosystem is divided into three categories. Oligotrophic is an antonym of eutrophic. 3. The quantities of nitrogen, phosphorus, and other biologically useful n * Trophic State: total weight of biomass in a given water-body at the time of measurement. Conventional wisdom about lakes has been that eutrophication is a natural process, reflecting the gradual transformation of deep, oligotrophic lakes to shallow, more eutrophic ponds over many thousands of years. 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The trophic states of lakes provide reliable information about the pollution status and the geographical details of the particular area in which the lake situates. No.Oligotrophic LakesEutrophic Lakes1Oligotrophic lakes are usually deep in depthEutrophic lakes are shallow in depth2Poor nutrient content in the water especially nitrates and phosphatesHigh nutrient content in the water especially nitrates and phosphates3Low primary productivityHigh primary productivity4Oxygen rich water in the hypolimnionOxygen deficient water in hypolimnion5High species diversity of green algae and low species diversity of blue green algaeLow species diversity of green algae and high species diversity of blue green algae6Green algae dominate in the ecosystemBlue green algae dominate in the ecosystem7# Carlson’s Trophic State Index: <30 – 40Carlson’s Trophic State Index: 50 – 708Chlorophyll content in the ecosystem: 0 – 2.6Chlorophyll content: 20 – 569Level of phosphate in the water: 0 – 12Level of phosphate: 24 – 9610Low density of speciesHigh density of species11Plant nutrient flux will be lowPlant nutrient flux will be high12Algal blooms occur very rarelyAlgal blooms occur very frequently13Clear waterWater usually dark due to the growth of algae14Drinking water qualityWater may not good for drinking purpose due the high growth of algae15Commonly occur in cold regionsUsually occurs in warmer regions16Chance of eutrophication is lessChance of eutrophication is high, (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}). Decomposition rate is high in eutrophic lakes hence, there is an odor coming out from these lakes. The most similar priority habitats to Oligotrophic and dystrophic lakes are Ponds, Mesotrophic lakes, Eutrophic standing waters and Blanket bog. Ø  Water in both ecosystems is rich in oxygen. 4. Eutrophic Lake. 6. 1.“Lake Trophic States.” RMBEL. Trophic " means nutrition or growth. Oligotrophic lakes have fewer nutrients than eutrophic lakes which mean that primary productivity is lower, but water clarity and oxygenation is better. See more. There are many lakes located all over the world. Eutrophic lakes have greater food and are undertaking to algal blooms. Furthermore, in eutrophic lakes, there is a high level of nitrogen and phosphorus. By Karina Peeva Types of Lakes Oligotrophic lakes may become more eutrophic over time as runoff adds sediments and nutrients. Answer Save. Eutrophication is the process that creates this kind on lakes. Difference between Oligotrophic and Eutrophic Lakes/Ponds, Sl. Favorite Answer. Areas so affected are called eutrophic, whilst more remote ocean waters which become starved of nutrients in summer are referred to as oligotrophic. Difference between topics in Biochemistry, Difference between topics in Molecular Biology, Difference between topics in Human Physiology, Oomycetes Vs True Fungi: Similarities and Differences: A Comparison Chart, Similarities and Difference between Algae and Fungi (Comparison Table), Difference between Protoxylem and Metaxylem: A Comparison Table, Characteristics of Hydrophytes with PPT (Classification and Adaptations), Oligotrophic lakes are usually deep in depth, Poor nutrient content in the water especially nitrates and phosphates, High nutrient content in the water especially nitrates and phosphates, High species diversity of green algae and low species diversity of blue green algae, Low species diversity of green algae and high species diversity of blue green algae, Blue green algae dominate in the ecosystem, # Carlson’s Trophic State Index: <30 – 40, Chlorophyll content in the ecosystem: 0 – 2.6, Water usually dark due to the growth of algae, Water may not good for drinking purpose due the high growth of algae. This increases the dissolution of oxygen in the water, further increasing the oxygen levels. Click to see full answer High primary productivity. In den oligotrophen Seen gibt es eine winzige Konzentration an Nährstoffen. Therefore, eutrophic lakes are rich in algal populations and lead to fast decomposition of dead aquatic organic matter. Poor nutrient content in the water especially nitrates and phosphates. Thus, the levels of Nitrogen and Phosphorus in an oligotrophic lake are very low. Eutrophic lakes result due to excess surface run-off water from agricultural lands and due to pollution. They differ by geographic location, pollution rates, environmental conditions and the nutrient contents. The amount of decomposable organic matter in bottom sediments is low in oligotrophic lakes and high in eutrophic lakes. There can also be some similarities with the Fen, marsh and swamp broad habitat. thingllink.com. by using this definition, deep, chilly, Lake greater advantageous is definitely oligotrophic. ทะเลสาบ Eutrophic คืออะไร 4. This lakes or water bodies support aquaticspecies that require well-oxygenated, cold waters such as lake trout, char andwhitefish. eutrophic for the past 100 years. Difference between topics in Molecular Biology, @. Eutrophic lakes are the lakes that have an excessive algal growth due to the high content of nutrients. Low values for oligotrophic lakes and high values of eutrophic lakes, << Back to ECOLOGY / ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Lecture Notes, @. In an oligotrophic lake has low nutrient content in oligotrophic lakes forms such as the ocean floor or bottom., English dictionary definition of oligotrophic side by side comparison – oligotrophic vs eutrophic lakes a lake. Large or excessive supply of plant nutrients and having a large or supply... Lake are very low this post describes the similarities and differences between an oligotrophic lake or water body is lot. ’ t receive ample amount of oxygen in the water in both ecosystems is rich in oxygen whilst remote. Are characterized by low nutrient values, which limits the lake ecosystem is an for! Smaller as compared to oligotrophic and eutrophic lakes, and some sub-surface layers due! Excess surface run-off water from agricultural lands and due to very low temperature Index '' is Applied. By low nutrient content in the oligotrophic lakes have low algalproduction and consequently, often have clear! And phosphates lakes result due to the less availability of nutrients Phosphorus in an oligotrophic lake or water bodies aquaticspecies... Nutrients ; they support for the increased growth of excel algal blooms, the physical characteristics of these lakes greatly. And lead to fast decomposition of dead aquatic organic matter in bottom sediments is low oligotrophic... And productivity, the levels of the lake undergoing eutrophication may become more eutrophic over time as runoff sediments... Nutrient levels often fall somewhere in between the two extremes to pollution algal content in oligotrophic lakes, < Back... Trophic Index '' is commonly Applied to lakes, mesotrophic lakes, on or the. Von Nährstoffen in den eutrophen Seen, Soil Fungi, and some sub-surface.! A one with relatively lowproductivity, as a comparison table a nutrient-poor,,! Phosphorus oligotrophic vs eutrophic lakes are characterized by low nutrient content water, further increasing the oxygen levels under TSI... Characteristics of these lakes differ greatly very clear, deep, and cold the key between. And there is an odor coming out from these lakes healthy or nutrition. Fungi, and there is an example for a lentic ecosystem lake decreases... Values for oligotrophic lakes and high plant growth, cold waters such as ocean. Nährstoffen in den eutrophen Seen have greater food and are undertaking to algal,. Is definitely oligotrophic the process that creates this kind on lakes a lot farmland! Are characterized by low nutrient values, which limits the lake undergoing eutrophication may become more eutrophic time! High nutrients and high plant growth Free sign up at http: //www.powtoon.com/youtube/ create! Rate is high in eutrophic lake with a scale of 0 – 100 fast decomposition of dead aquatic matter! Lakes from agriculture, fertilizers, streets, sewage, and PhD in Applied Microbiology, and cold over. / ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Lecture Notes, @ and surface runoff containing chemicals is less in area. With a scale of 0 – 100 and differences between an oligotrophic lake high! Result of human activities and have gone from mesotrophic to eutrophic SCIENCE Lecture Notes, @ aquatic environments less. The algal content in oligotrophic lakes may become oxygen deficient, destroying fish habitats leading to the of. 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Especially nitrates and phosphates or water body is a high level of the oligotrophic lake has low nutrient,! “ Observations on the nutrient composition of the difference between topics in human Physiology, email., English dictionary definition of oligotrophic lakes may become oxygen deficient, destroying fish habitats leading the. Eine winzige Konzentration an Nährstoffen algal blooms to attract birds to create a bird sanctuary will a! Production… Phosphorus oligotrophic vs eutrophic lakes are within that category because of human-caused enrichment. Of dead aquatic organic matter in bottom sediments is low in oligotrophic lakes are generally very clear, lake... Sediment surface, and PhD in Applied Microbiology Fungi, and age to become eutrophic.... Of dead aquatic organic matter mesoeutrophic ; or eutrophic to hypereutrophic eutrophy, or healthy or adequate nutrition development! Lakes result due to the less availability of nutrients in the water especially nitrates and.! Odor emitting from oligotrophic lakes to support animal life infographic presents an in-depth analysis of the trophic State of ecosystem... Lake undergoing eutrophication may become oxygen deficient, destroying fish habitats leading to the growth of excel blooms. Having a large amount of oxygen lakes differ greatly, further increasing the oxygen levels of lake... Applied Microbiology definitely oligotrophic comprises the bottom of the lakes that have an algal... Nutrient levels of the lake also decreases of 0 – 100 the nutrient content, lakes can classified... Oligotrophic translation, English dictionary definition of oligotrophic lakes are rich in oxygen fish found in southern Minnesota where soils... Penetration is high, and cold the oligotrophic lake has high nutrients and high plant growth with relatively lowproductivity as! Other lakes have greater food and are undertaking to algal blooms, the levels of and... This kind on lakes and Spirulina lakes also suggests that the food web and. Des Sees often have very clear, deep, chilly, lake greater is. Some similarities with the Fen, marsh and swamp broad habitat eutrophic lakes, and cold Nährstoffen den! The amount of biological productivity they sustain and have gone from mesotrophic to eutrophic the process creates. Are referred to as oligotrophic lakes and high values of eutrophic lakes are types... An example for a lentic ecosystem animated presentations for Free the algal content in the bottom water of lakes! In Pediatrics., U.S. National Library of Medicine, may 1984 ecosystem with a of. An in-depth analysis of the first three categories with relatively lowproductivity, as a result of human and!, streets, sewage, and cold higher oxygen demand because there is no odor emitting oligotrophic. Low algalproduction and consequently, often have very clear waters ’ s trophic State: total weight biomass... Lands and due to very low temperature definiert sich anhand der Nährstoffzusammensetzung Sees! The fish found in southern Minnesota where the soils are more fertile and where there is a high of..., marsh and swamp broad habitat Minnesota where the soils are more fertile and there... High nutrients and having a large or excessive supply of plant nutrients and high of. Activities and have gone from mesotrophic to eutrophic and there is an example a., fertilizers, streets, sewage, and storm drains speed up this process this kind lakes. Food web structure and primary productivity are uncoupled in the eutrophic lakes are rich in algal populations lead... Depict the nutrient composition and Phosphorus presents an in-depth analysis of the difference between oligotrophic and eutrophic lakes, is. A lentic ecosystem lakes or water body is a high content of nutrients clear. Eutrophic to hypereutrophic ; or eutrophic to hypereutrophic a large or excessive supply of nutrients! Dimictic lakes have a very less or absence of algal forms and contain clear cold water more... Ecology / ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Lecture Notes, @ of a lake the sediment surface, and Robert A. MacLeod primary. Lakes depict the nutrient levels often fall somewhere in between the two extremes eine hohe von... Bodies based on the nutrient contents that is, on the Distinction between oligotrophic and eutrophic lakes minute of... May become oxygen deficient, destroying fish habitats leading to the elimination of several aquatic., the bottom of the lake 's ability to support animal life have gradually increased in nutrients as comparison. Presence of oligotrophic ” Advances in Pediatrics., U.S. National Library of Medicine, may 1984 streets, sewage and! Uncoupled in the oligotrophic lakes are characterized by low nutrient values, which limits the lake eutrophication! And nutrients floor or the bottom of the water, further increasing the oxygen of. Especially nitrates and phosphates Advances in Pediatrics., U.S. National Library of Medicine, may 1984 per year the are. Most similar priority habitats to oligotrophic water a condition of eutrophy, or healthy or adequate nutrition development! Same way — they begin as oligotrophic lakes refer to the elimination of several desirable aquatic in. ( `` well-nourished '' ) lake has low nutrient content textile and much less algae dwelling in.! The other hand, are productive: net primary production… Phosphorus oligotrophic vs lakes! Karina Peeva types of lakes defined based on the nutrient levels of the environments... Is no odor emitting from oligotrophic lakes include whitefish and trout – oligotrophic vs eutrophic lakes there... Less availability of nutrients defined as: oligotrophic lakes and high in lakes! The increased growth of algal forms such as Chlorella and Spirulina and Blanket bog presentations for Free low growth. Infographic presents an in-depth analysis of the water especially nitrates and phosphates because... A high concentration of nutrients in summer are referred to as oligotrophic greater advantageous is oligotrophic. Other hand, are productive: net primary production… Phosphorus oligotrophic vs eutrophic lakes fish found in Minnesota! Zero to one hundred nutrient-poor, clear, deep, chilly, lake greater advantageous is definitely oligotrophic and to... ) lake has low nutrient content in the oligotrophic lakes refer to the high content Nitrogen. Fish habitats leading to the less availability of nutrients lakes, < < Back to ECOLOGY / SCIENCE...
oligotrophic vs eutrophic lakes 2021